Throughout the past several centuries, handguns have sprouted several evolutionary branches. Some of these branches are shorter than others. We look at five of the shortest below.
1. The Pepperbox
If you were in the market for a self-defense handgun from about 1830-1860, odds were you looked at a pepperbox.
With a single grip, hammer and trigger system, the pistol mounted anywhere from 3-24 loaded barrels that were rotated into place and fired in turn. These guns were made by several manufacturers on both sides of the pond and were innovative for their day. Their main problems were that they were incapable of aimed fire due to being muzzle heavy and contained no front sights. The fact that they were susceptible to chain fire in which all the barrels shot off at once was also unnerving. Nevertheless, these handguns were the bridge from the only single shot pistols to modern revolvers and are quite collectable.
2. The Modèle 1892 revolver
France has always gone their own way for better or worse and the Mle.1892 “Lebel” revolver is another example of that. The fixed frame revolver, while beautiful, was slow to reload and mechanically complicated but its fatal flaw was the round it fired.
Chambered for a unique 8x27mm black powder round, it was less powerful than a .32 ACP. When compared to its contemporaries of the time: the P.08 Luger, .455 Webley, and Colt M1911, this French hog leg was the worst handgun of World War I. Nevertheless, the French Army continued to use it in the next World War (and look at what happened there).
3. The MARS Syndicate Pistol
In 1899 London, one Mr. HW Gabbett-Fairfax produced a beast of a pistol. Incorporated as the Mars Automatic Pistol Syndicate, his pistol was submitted for brief and spectacular testing by the British Army. The hand cannon fired a unique bottle necked round of the inventor’s own design, the .450 Mars, that today remains one of the most powerful rounds ever used in a handgun. To handle this roman candle of a round, the Mars had a 9.5-inch barrel and weighed over 3-pounds. In testing observers noted that the gun was, “singularly unpleasant and alarming.” Guess they never fired a Desert Eagle before…
4. The Rohm RG revolver
Rohm G.M.R.H. of Sontheim in then-West Germany designed and marketed the sweetest little line of starter pistols chambered for live rounds. Unfortunately, for everyone involved, these little .22 and .38 caliber gems shot even less reliably than real starter pistols. They also lost time faster than a knock-off Rolex and rewarded their owners with flying lead shavings and the occasional catastrophic misfire. Made from zinc alloys with plastic grips they were sold in nice little cardboard boxes for $19.95 throughout the 1960s. Today, if you have one unfired and still in the box it’s worth almost that.
The Rohm was one of the main reasons that the Gun Control Act of 1968 passed that banned the import of cheaply made handguns into the country. This meant we had to make our own pot metal Saturday Night Specials such as the…
5. Lorcin pistols
The Lorcin Company of Mira Loma, California produced a range of striker-fired pot metal jam-o-matics a decade ago. Some two-million .25 ACP and .380 ACP Lorcins were churned out at a rate of over 300,000 per year in the 1990s for an average price of less than $100.
Lorcin themselves advertised their product as “The World’s Most Affordable Handgun.” They were so cheaply made and prone to accidental discharges that they would have been banned from import into the country had they been manufactured overseas. You get what you pay for and by 1999 the bankrupt company closed its doors after more than 40 wrongful death and personal liability lawsuits caught up with them.
And there you have it, a look at five ugly stunted branches on the tree of handgun evolution. There will surely be more.