Computer pioneer and World War II code breaker Alan Turing was posthumously pardoned Christmas Eve after being convicted of being gay nearly 60 years ago.
During WWII, Turing was the head of Bletchley Park, the United Kingdom’s primary hub for breaking German codes and ciphers. The British mathematician and scientist also made groundbreaking contributions to the development of computer science, and is considered by many to be the father of artificial intelligence. Though Turing’s work saved countless lives, he was criminally convicted for homosexuality, Death and Taxes reports.
In 1952, Turing was forced to be chemically castrated. Two years later, he committed suicide. The post-mortem examination indicated the cause of death was cyanide poisoning.
Nearly 60 years later, Queen Elizabeth honored a petition by Justice Minister Chris Grayling and on December 24, gave Turing a posthumous royal pardon.
“[He] was an exceptional man with a brilliant mind,” Grayling said. “Turing deserves to be remembered and recognized for his fantastic contribution to the war effort and his legacy to science. A pardon from the Queen is a fitting tribute to an exceptional man.”
[ Death and Taxes ]