Photos have emerged of an Islamic State textbook in which pictures of guns and tanks are used to teach children math.
The Telegraph reports the first grade textbook was found in an elementary school in the eastern Al Muthana district of the war-torn Iraqi city of Mosul.
The textbook contains math problems and equations using tanks, Kalashnikov rifles, military trucks and ISIS flags. The school where it was found was reportedly occupied by ISIS fighters, who ordered teachers to use their textbook.
Similar photos have been posted online of alleged ISIS textbooks used to brainwash school children. Syrian opposition group Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently posted similar photos on twitter in 2015, as did former CNN Turk editor Mete Sohtaoğlu.
Nikita Malik, member of counter-extremism think tank Quilliam, told the Daily Mail that the brainwashing of children “is a three-stage process” for ISIS.
“First of all, they normalize violence for them, and then they expose them to things like executions and beheadings, and then get them to do physical training,” Malik said.
“They see children as assets you invest in, so that you can turn them into ‘pure soldiers’.”
Quilliam has also warned the Telegraph that refugee children are being recruited by the Islamic State before they head to Europe.