General Custer's Model 1865 Spencer Carbine at auction

George Armstrong Custer’s Model 1865 Spencer Carbine is up for auction with Heritage Auctions. It was part of on of the largest private collections of Custer artifacts ever put together, and the bidding starts at $25,000.

The Spencer Carbine is an early lever-action black powder rimfire rifle, originally chambered in 56-56 Spencer, with a magazine capacity of seven rounds. The magazine tube is located inside the buttstock and the hammer must be manually cocked. At the time of its introduction in 1860, it represented an enormous leap in firepower, with the average shooter being able to fire, reload, and fire 20 rounds in a minute, compared to two or three rounds per minute with standard muzzleloaders. 

In fact, the main complaint about these rifles was that they fired so quickly, the smoke made it difficult to see after a few shots. It could be quickly reloaded with an external magazine called the “Blakeslee Cartridge Box” and was the first magazine-fed infantry rifle put into service by any military in any country.
Custer's Model 1865 Spencer Carbine left side
This particular rifle was carried by Custer as he served with the 7th Cavalry during the Indian Wars. He even wrote about it in his autobiography, “My Life on the Plains.” “Leaping from my bed I grasped my trusty Spencer which was always at my side.” Although Custer was issued several different Spencer guns, it is believed that this was the one he used during the campaign of 1867 up to the infamous 1868 Battle of Washita River.

He also used it on a buffalo hunt according an 1867 article written by Custer himself. In it he pointed out that his handguns “only seemed to increase [the buffalo’s] speed. I concluded to discard the use of my revolvers and trust my Spencer carbine.”

The collection was put together by Dr. Lawrence A. Frost of Monroe, Michigan. It is identified by a tag in Frost’s handwriting which reads “Spencer Carbine—Saddle Ring, Cal. 50, No. 3658, Model 1865, ‘G. Custer—7 Cav USA,’ cut into wooden stock, used by Gen. Custer in Kansas in 1867 campaign.”
Custer's Model 1865 Spencer Carbine right side
This rifle is pictured in Frost’s 1968 book “The Court-Martial of General George Armstrong Custer” as well as “Bugles, Banners and War Bonnets” by Ernest L. Reedstrom, both displaying Custer’s name engraved into the stock. The engraving is very worn and not particularly clear, but the condition of its patina dates it back to Custer.

Custer’s Spencer disappeared for a short time after the family farm in Michigan—where it was being stored—caught fire in 1900. It was “saved” by someone who rescued it from a fiery death, but it was not returned to the Custer family. Instead, it was later discovered on display in another private collection of Custer artifacts a few miles away. After some negotiation, Frost purchased the Spencer which was identified by Custer’s nephew in an affidavit. 
Spencer Rifle Diagram
The rifle is worn but in good condition. According to the auction house’s description, “His Spencer shows an even patina of honest use. The metal portions are an even gray, with slight salt and peppering, and a few very minor small dents mentioned for accuracy. The wood is in good shape and has not been refinished, with several old dents and a small piece missing where the forestock meets the receiver. The carved inscription clearly shows wear and patination consistent with the rest of the stock. Original saddle ring present, part of front sight missing. The action is crisp and tight, the bore excellent. On the barrel where it meets the receiver are stamped the inspector’s initials, ‘S.L.'”

From these excerpts it’s clear that for Custer, this was a beloved rife. If you’re interested in putting in a bid or just want to learn more about Custer’s Model 1865 Spencer Carbine, check out the auction page here

If you’re not interested in bidding on or learning more about Custer’s Spencer, then tell us, what’s your favorite Custer joke?

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