The Oregon Senate approved a bill Monday that would allow people to ask a court to revoke gun rights for family and household members.
Senate Bill 719A creates a process for obtaining a so-called “extreme risk protection order” that would prohibit someone from possessing a deadly weapon when a court determines the person could present imminent risk to themselves or others.
The bill defines a deadly weapon as “any instrument, article or substance specifically designed for and presently capable of causing death or serious physical injury; or a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded.”
Under the proposal, a law enforcement officer, or family or household member can initiate the protection order process. The person would have to surrender their weapons and concealed handgun license within 24 hours of being served with the protection order. When an officer serves the order, he or she can request immediate surrender of the weapons, but the person can also surrender to a gun dealer or a third party.
Spouses, intimate partners, parents, children, siblings, “or any person living within the same household” are eligible to initiate the process, according to the bill.
When family members or law enforcement officers go before the court, the burden of proof lies with them. Before signing off on the order, a judge will consider the person’s history of suicide threats, and attempted, threatened or actual use of force against others. They’ll also look at any convictions for violence, stalking, cruelty to animals, weapons charges, or illegal substance use, among other things.
The person ordered to surrender their deadly weapons has 30 days to contest the protection order. They’ll then be granted a hearing within 21 days of that request.
The measure passed the Senate 17-11. The only Republican to vote for the measure was Sen. Brian Boquist, who sponsored the bill.
“We’re only trying to target those individuals who unfortunately want to commit suicide and unfortunately may murder their spouse that’s in the house, their children that’s in the house, or their roommate,” Boquist said, according to Oregon Public Broadcasting.
The Oregon Firearms Federation called the bill “one of the most dangerous pieces of legislation the anti-gunners have ever dreamed up.”
“It allows a family member to have a person’s property and rights taken by force by the police and then assumes that even though that person is very dangerous, the people who made these accusations can live safely with the person who had his right taken,” said a post on the OFF website. “It’s complete madness.”
Still, Boquist, who served as a Special Forces Officer in the U.S. Army, pointed to the lives of veterans as a motive for the legislation. “I do care about veterans blowing their brains out even if OFF and NRA does not,” he said.
His co-sponsor, Sen. Ginny Burdick, a Democrat, echoed that sentiment. “The suicide rate among veterans is alarming, with an average of 20 veterans each day dying from suicide, often by gunshot,” Burdick said. “By identifying signs that a person may be suffering trauma and temporarily separating them from their firearms, we can effectively protect veterans and others in crisis so that they can get the help they need.”
The bill is similar to a ballot measure that passed in Washington state last year. SB 719A now heads to the Oregon House of Representatives.
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