The U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday is set to hear the most important Second Amendment challenge in more than a decade. 

The high court is set hear oral arguments in a review of the decision of a lower court in the matter of the New York Rifle & Pistol Association along with several individual plaintiffs vs. Kevin P. Bruen, the head of the New York State Police. The court in April stipulated the review will be focused on the question of: "Whether the State's denial of petitioners' applications for concealed-carry licenses for self-defense violated the Second Amendment."

Importantly, the case originally posed the question to the court of: "Whether the Second Amendment allows the government to prohibit ordinary law-abiding citizens from carrying handguns outside the home for self-defense," one that the Supreme Court modified to frame specifically towards concealed carry permits. 

The last major case concerning the right to keep and bear arms that the nation's highest court weighed in on was that of McDonald v. Chicago,  in which a 5-4 court in 2010 found in favor of Otis McDonald, who challenged the city's handgun ban. Three of the five justices that sided with Mr. McDonald on that case – Samuel Alito, John Roberts, and Clarence Thomas – are current members of the court. Their ranks have been swelling in recent years by Justices Amy Coney Barrett, Neil Gorsuch, and Brett Kavanaugh. 

The case's outcome could affect the laws in at least six other states that have strict "no-issue" or "may-issue" laws like New York's – under which upwards of 80 million Americans are forced to comply – and due to the conservative nature of the court stands to be a huge 2A victory in the making. 

Since being accepted this Spring, over 100 groups have signed on to friend-of-the-court briefs taking sides on New York's strict "may issue" permitting process for granting carry permits. 

Those supporting the NYRPA in their argument against New York's law are a collection of law enforcement groups, Black Guns Matter, the Firearms Policy Coalition, Gun Owners of America, the Heller Foundation, Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership, the National Shooting Sports Foundation, the NRA and dozens of its state affiliates, the Pink Pistols, the Second Amendment Foundation, 26 state attorneys general led by Arizona, 176 Republicans in the U.S. House, and 25 Republican Senators led by Ted Cruz, 

Meanwhile, those supporting New York's strict – and many argue unconstitutional – carry permit scheme include the American Bar Association, the ACLU, Brady, Everytown, Giffords, March for Our Lives, the AGs of 18 blue states led by California, and 150 Democrats on Capitol Hill led by Chuck Schumer.

The oral arguments will take just over an hour, with 35 minutes allowed for the NYSRPA to make their case, 20 minutes for the state of New York to respond, and 15 minutes for the Biden administrator's Solicitor General's office to weigh in. Elizabeth Prelogar, who formerly clerked for some of the most liberal justices on the Supreme Court and represented anti-gun group Everytown in private practice as recently as 2019, was installed as U.S. Solicitor General last week.

Banner image: Kimber Rapide M1911 in Galco Yaqui Slide holster. (Photo: Chris Eger/Guns.com)

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