Famous ‘Trumpeteer Carbine’ Used at Little Bighorn up for Auction

04/16/19 8:30 AM | by

US 1873 Springfield Carbine collage with George Armstrong Custer's photo

The Trumpeteer Carbine, Forensically Confirmed & Soldier Identified to the Last White Man To See Custer Alive Model 1873 Springfield Trapdoor Carbine (1)

The carbine believed once carried by the man sent by Custer with the famous “come quick” message to bring reinforcements to the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 is now up for auction (Photo: Morphy)

Described as one of the most historically significant American guns on the market, the forensically confirmed carbine of a 7th U.S. Cavalry bugler is headed to auction.

Morphy Auctions next week has a U.S. Model 1873 Springfield single-shot carbine chambered in 45-55 (.45-70) that has been tied to John Martin. Martin, an Italian immigrant named Giovanni Crisostomo Martino, cemented his place in history as being “The Last White Man to See Custer Alive,” as he was dispatched at the beginning of the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 by Col. George Armstrong Custer with a message to bring urgent reinforcements.

Although Martin never made it back to Custer’s position until after the battle (he apparently lived until 1922), his carbine, Serial No. 19573, somehow stayed behind as he rode for help and a fired cartridge later recovered from the battlefield was forensically matched to the gun as part of the Custer Battlefield Firearms Identification Project. The project, which reportedly ran from 1984 to 1996, cataloged some 2,000 recovered cartridge cases and bullets and one matched the firing pin marks on Martin’s rifle.

Scratched into the rifle is “J. MArTIN,” and the “H” – presumably for “Company H,” the orderly bugler’s unit.

The Trumpeteer Carbine, Forensically Confirmed & Soldier Identified to the Last White Man To See Custer Alive Model 1873 Springfield Trapdoor Carbine (3)

The Trumpeteer Carbine has what is believed to be Martin’s name carved into the furniture with the theory that he possibly handed it off to a fellow trooper just before he rode off for help on Custer’s orders. (Photo: Morphy)

“This is one of the only forensically identified trapdoor carbines fired at the Battle of Little Bighorn that can be positively identified to a trooper,” Morphy notes.

The Trumpeteer Carbine, which was featured on the cover of the book, The Trapdoor Springfield by John Langellier, carries a $90,000-$140,000 estimate. It heads to the block as part of Morphy’s 1,267-lot auction of rare sporting and collector firearms on April 24-25 at the company’s gallery in Pennsylvania.

Latest Reviews

  • LimCat RazorCat: Built for Open Class Competition

    Skulking about the Guns.com Vault, I happened upon a unique gun chambered in a unique round – the LimCat RazorCat,...

    Read Now
  • Riton mod 7

    Riton Mod 7 Brings Long Range Features to Hunters

    At a slightly higher price, the RT-S Mod 7 looked like a promising addition to my hunting arsenal; but can...

    Read Now
  • Gun Review: Going 2200 Rounds with the New Glock G44 in 22LR

    Gun Review: Going 2,200 Rounds with the New Glock G44 in 22LR

    Pitched by Glock as a pistol designed for "new shooters, sport shooters and everyone in between," the G44 has a...

    Read Now
  • 2020 Hunting Shotguns

    New Hunting Shotguns Already on Our 2020 Wish List

    As always, there are plenty of hunting inspired guns to get pumped about, so with that in mind, here are...

    Read Now