From the Vault: Mosin-Nagants Deals of all Flavors!

07/17/19 8:00 AM | by

From the Vault: Mosin-Nagants of all Flavors

From the Vault Mosin-Nagants of all Flavors

Over 37 million Mosin-Nagant rifles have been made on at least three continents since 1891 and, while we don’t have that many in stock, this super collectible bolt-action is a staple in the Vault of Certified Used Guns. (Photo: Richard Taylor/

Probably the most prolific firearm ever made, the Mosin-Nagant is a military classic that has been around for over a century and we have a broad selection in the Vault.

Developed by Russian Imperial Army Captain Sergei Mosin and Belgian firearms wonk Léon Nagant, the M91 Vintovka Mosina  was a steel and arctic birch-clad beast that stood as tall as the Ivan who carried it – especially when topped by its always present no-nonsense spike bayonet. Designed to equip the largest army in the world at the time, the humble Mosin uses a strong turn-bolt-action fed from a five-round internal box magazine that could be charged with stripper clips and was innovative in its day, coming only a few years after the revolutionary M1885 Remington–Lee rifle.

The Mosin was an instant hit, replacing the Russian Army’s single-shot .42-caliber Berdan rifle systems and even older Krnka pattern guns adopted just after the Crimean War.

Chambered in 7.62x54R, which was also developed in 1891, the original Mosin-Nagants utilized Imperial Russia’s old Tsarist measurement system, with sights calibrated in “arshins” rather than meters, feet or yards, and the caliber measured in “liniyas” rather than millimeters or fractions of an inch. As such, the M91 was originally described as the “3-line rifle,” after its chamber bore.

How about this 1922-produced Izhevsk model, showing off an early hex receiver. May want to grab it now. (Photo:

How about this 1922-produced Izhevsk model, showing off an early hex receiver. May want to grab it now. (Photo:

With the first guns made in France by Chatellerault (makers of the Lebel rifle) in 1891, the gun later went into production in at least three factories in the Motherland. During the Great War, with the Tsar’s legions swelling from 3 million to 15 million men, domestic production fell hopelessly behind and millions of additional Mosins were ordered from Westinghouse and Remington in the U.S. — of which few were delivered before the Bolsheviks came to power and pulled Russia out of the conflict.

American-made Mosins were used by U.S. troops for training and, as seen with these Navy personnel, during the 1919-20 Intervention during the Russian Civil War. (Photo: National Archives)

American-made Mosins were used by U.S. troops for training and, as seen with these Navy personnel, during the 1919-20 Intervention during the Russian Civil War.  Many went on to equip ROTC units and military schools through WWII. (Photo: National Archives)

Still, the Mosin, with its first world war behind it, was revamped into the more modern and easier to produce M91/30 model in 1930, with new production guns crafted to the updated specification and legacy models in Soviet armories upgraded to the same standard.

The most common Mosin-Nagant variant: the M91/30 (Photo: Richard Taylor/

The most common Mosin-Nagant variant: the M91/30 (Photo: Richard Taylor/

This is the rifle that the majority of Stalin’s “frontoviks” carried with them from the gates of Moscow to the streets of Berlin during what the Russians still term the Great Patriotic War, known in the west just as WWII.

The M91/30 Mosin-Nagant model, which first went into production in the Soviet Union in the 1930s and was retrofitted to older guns in the Red Army’s arsenal, is among the most common Mosin that we have in the Vault, with over a dozen typically in stock at any given time. They are easily identified from the older M91 models as they have sights graduated in meters and a round receiver rather than the older octagonal or hex receivers.

Mosin receiver markings

Most Mosin-Nagant 91/30s and follow-on M44s have round or cylindrical receivers, and we have a selection to choose from (Photo: Richard Taylor/

Mosin Nagant models

There is a lot of variety in Mosin-Nagant models (Photo: Richard Taylor/

In the tail end of WWII, the Soviets again updated the then 50-year-old M91 Mosin-Nagant design, making the short M44 series rifle. Whereas the M91/30 originally had a 29-inch barrel, the M44, a carbine-length rifle, had a 20-inch barrel and carried a side-folding spike bayonet.

The M44, fielded in the last days of WWII. (Photo:

The M44, fielded in the last days of WWII. (Photo:

Most collectors in the U.S. are familiar with the M91/30 and M44 carbines, however, there are many other variants such as Sniper models, Dragoons, Cossacks and the M38 carbine out there as well.

M91/30 Sniper for sale

Can you say, Enemy at the Gates? (Photo: Richard Taylor/

Another variant that has been making its way to U.S. shores is the M91/59, which are typically older M91/30 rifles that were given the M38/M44 treatment sans the folding bayonet. These are called “KGB” guns as their use and design, created in 1959 — long after the Soviets had gone to the Kalashnikov series rifles — is somewhat shrouded in mystery but is thought to have been used by KGB border guards.

Mosin M91/59 for sale

The M91/59 are one of the more elusive models in circulation, but we typically have a few up for grabs in the Vault. (Photo:

With over 37 million assorted Mosins cranked out since 1891, the guns have been produced everywhere from France, Russia and the U.S. to Poland (by Radom), Finland (by Sako and VKT), Hungary (by FEG), Romania, and elsewhere. In Communist China, the gun was adopted as the Type 53 before the People’s Liberation Army went SKS and AK.

Chinese Type 53 for sale mosin

The Type 53 was made in state factories in Red China and equipped the Chinese military and provincial militias into the 1970s, with many given as aid to North Vietnam. Navy Arms and other imported thousands of these into the U.S. in the 1980s.

Still regularly encountered around the globe from parades in Red Square to Third World hotspots in the Middle East and Latin America, the Mosin remains in factory production in Russia by Molot for sporting purposes. Here in the states, even though the days of cheap crates of 91/30s fresh off the boat after a recently thawed Cold War seem to be in the rearview, the “Nugget” has proved popular with collectors and shooters.

Mosin 1942 Tula

History is just one click away. (Photo: Richard Taylor/

To check out our selection of Mosin-Nagant rifles of all sorts, head on over to the Vault and find a Nugget or other Military Classic of your very own.

Latest Reviews

  • M9

    The Beretta M9 Strong Even in Retirement

    The Beretta M9 withstood the test of time for our troops and LEOs, but with current trends shifting away from...

    Read Now
  • Rock Island Armory 1911

    Found on Rock Island Armory M1911

    While true believers tend to go after the standard .45 ACP models, Rock Island breaks the mold and offers a...

    Read Now
  • cloners

    Popular Rifle Builds for Cloners

    Cloners build rifles that closely resemble actual service weapons by carefully selecting components for an exact match for the most...

    Read Now
  • Kriss Sphinx

    Gun Review: Kriss Sphinx

    Compared to other production handguns, the Kriss Sphinx -- a CZ look-alike -- has pound for pound some of the...

    Read Now